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  UNIX Help


UNIX was created in the late 1960s, in an effort to provide a multiuser, multitasking system for use by programmers. The philosophy behind the design of UNIX was to provide simple, yet powerful utilities that could be pieced together in a flexible manner to perform a wide variety of tasks.

UNIX is an operating system. The job of an operating system is to orchestrate the various parts of the computer -- the processor, the on-board memory, the disk drives, keyboards, video monitors, etc. -- to perform useful tasks. The operating system is the master controller of the computer, the glue that holds together all the components of the system, including the administrators, programmers, and users. When you want the computer to do something for you, like start a program, copy a file, or display the contents of a directory, it is the operating system that must perform those tasks for you.

In order to use UNIX, you will have to know the format of the commands. UNIX runs much like MS-DOS, and some of the basic commands are below:

ls Displays everything in the current directory
ls -a Displays all files, including hidden
ls -l Displays all files, along with the size and timestamp
tar -zxpf <file.tar.gz> Uncompresses tar.gz files
tar -xpf <file.tar.gz> Uncompresses .tar files
gunzip <file> Uncompresses .gz files
cp <file> Copies a file to a new file
mv <file> Moves a file to a new file, or rename
mkdir <dir> Creates a directory
rmdir <dir> Deletes a directory
rm <file> Deletes a file
rm -rf <dir> Deletes a directory
cd <dir> Moves to a directory
cd .. Moves to a lower directory
cd ~ Moves to your home directory
cd - Moves to the previous directory
pwd Displays the current directory
pico <file> Edits a file
ftp <site> Connect to a FTP server
lynx <site> View a webpage
df Displays the hard drive stats
quota Displays your quota
uptime Displays the uptime of the server
uname -a Displays the operating system stats
whoami Displays your info
who Displays others connected to the server
last Displays the last login
whereis <file> Tells where a file is located
BitchX IRC Client
mail Check your email
ps -x Displays processes your running
ps -a Displays all processes running
ps -ux Displays running processes, with CPU/Memory usage
kill <pid> Kills a process
kill -9 <pid> Kills an eggdrop process
killall <program> Kills all running process of the same type
whatis <command> Description of commands
man <command> Displays help on the command